When classic Mustangs were roaring off three assembly lines from coast to coast, it represented one of the most successful production runs in Ford history.
The introduction of Ford Mustang on April 17, 1964 was but a part of the huge manufacturing picture involving product planners, engineering types, bean counters, management, manufacturing people, and a host of other players. It had to have been the fastest Ford ever got a product to market— a scant 18 months. Team Mustang had to move quickly and expect to work around the clock, seven days a week, in order to introduce the car at the 1964 New York World’s Fair in April 1964. In short, tell your wife and kids you will not be home for at least a year and a half.
Months before the introduction, manufacturing people were deeply involved in building engineering units—prototypes—some drivable, some not. Pilot Plant units were bucked and assembled late in 1963 into early 1964. The many engineering departments involved in product development are important parts of a large-scale operation involving dedicated people, committed to doing the best job possible.
The Dearborn Assembly Plant, where Mustangs were bucked and built continuously from January of 1964 until May 2004, was the Mustang’s spiritual home, though other plants have also produced this American icon. Well over six-million Mustangs were produced at Dearborn alone in all that time.
Dearborn shouldered Mustang production at a huge clip of some 70 units an hour during its peak in 1964. This number would also include 1964 Fairlanes, which were produced at Dearborn along with Mustang, until June 15, 1964. Fairlane production was halted at Dearborn and added to Kansas City plant production, which was already building Fairlanes. As Ford began to ramp up Mustang builds at the San Jose, California (Milpitas) plant in mid-July of 1964, 1964 Fairlane production was dropped and added to Kansas City’s workload.
The assembly of 1964 ½ Mustangs at Dearborn began with approximately 180 pre-production units (numbered 100001 through roughly 100180) with date codes of “05C”, meaning 05 March 1964. The “05C” date does not mean these cars were built on March 5th. It means they were pre-production units produced in February and March of 1964 prior to the mass production launch on Monday, March 9th. These pre-production units had pre-production parts, odd-duck stampings, Fairlane and Falcon parts, and other parts not generally used on mass-production units built from March 9th onward.
I am pretty convinced mass production began on March 9th with 5FXXX100200 or 100201. We still don’t know at what VIN (Vehicle Identification Number) pre-production unit builds ended. I suspect there were VINs not built between 100181 and 100199. This has never been confirmed because we’ve never found back-to-back units. The highest known, pre-production VIN (vehicle identification number) is 5F08F100173 with a date code of “05C” and export DSO (Domestic or Dealer Special Order) code of “91” located in England. Most pre-production units had Ford DSO code (84 and 89) or export—91-99. A few, including 5F08F100001 and 5F07U100002 were Ford of Canada (DSO 81) units. Virtually none were regular U.S DSO codes.
The earliest known, mass-production unit is 5F07U100211 in North Carolina with a build date code of “09C” and a DSO code of 22—Charlotte. Mass-production units were shipped to U.S. sales districts all over the country to ensure every Ford dealer got at least one Mustang for the April 17th introduction. Export deliveries were hit and miss.
The most confusing part of Mustang production was the very beginning with pre-production versus mass-production. Once mass-production started rolling March 9, 1964, production became more straightforward. Mustang production at San Jose began mid-July 1964 with 5RXXX100001. The earliest known ’64 ½ San Jose build is 5R08D100011 with a build date of “11G” or 11 July 1964 (a Saturday) with a DSO code of 53—Kansas City. Because ’64 ½ production was brief at San Jose, not many Mustangs were produced there in the last two weeks of July. The last-known ’64 ½ at San Jose is 5F07F104065 with a build date code of “31G” or 31 July 1964 with a DSO of 75—Phoenix.
The crossover from ’64 ½ to ’65 Mustangs (all Mustangs were serialized and titled as 1965 models beginning with 100001 in both plants) was “01H” or 01 August 1964. However, production of ’65 Mustangs at San Jose and at Dearborn actually didn’t begin until mid-August. Ford has officially said August 17th—a Monday. The earliest known ’65 Dearborn car is 5F09K250009 with a build date code of 01H or 01 August 1964 and a DSO code of 89, meaning Ford’s Transportation Services.
Years back, I heard from a gentleman in South Carolina with 5R09K120001 and a build date of “20H” or 20 August 1964. Most of the stamping and casting dates were mid-August, which confirms Ford’s official 17 August date. Expect to find higher San Jose consecutive unit numbers with early August date codes, such as 5R07K125012 with a date code of “01H” much earlier in August. There were also ’64 ¾ Mustang units with both ’64 ½ and ’65 nuances, such as GEN lights on alternator-equipped ‘65s, short carpeting, and a host of other crossover items. As production cars, no one really cared. Ford’s goal was to get them out the door—quickly.
It is important to remember the six-digit, consecutive unit number in the VIN is just an order number or job number. It does not mean how they were positioned on the assembly line. In other words, 100001 is the first vehicle ordered for a given model year and assembly plant. The vehicle order following 100001 would be 100002, 100003, 100004 and so on. Units weren’t always in numerical order on the line. The line-up office got the order and scheduled that order number for assembly. How units were scheduled for building remains a mystery. However—a lot depended upon the plant having all of the components necessary to complete the build. If you ordered a 289 High-Performance Mustang and there weren’t engines in the supply line, you as a customer waited. Bodies were also pulled from the line for repairs or modifications and placed back on the line.
It is important to remember the six-digit, consecutive unit number in the VIN is just an order number or job number. It does not mean how they were positioned on the assembly line. In other words, 100001 is the first vehicle ordered for a given model year and assembly plant. The vehicle order following 100001 would be 100002, 100003, 100004 and so on.
Another important issue was rotation or sequential-unit numbers, which physically placed units in physical order on the line. Early on, rotation numbers began at A1, A2 and so on through A99 or A999. This put units in lots for easy identification. Then, B1, B2, B3 and so on. Then, C1, C2, C3 and so on. By 1966, rotation numbers were 001 through 999, then, started over at 001. To further complicate matters, the body line had different numbers than the trim and chassis line. Body line rotation numbers were stamped in the body buck tag. Trim and chassis rotation numbers can be found on the computer printout broadcast sheet.
Dearborn and San Jose continued to produce ’65 Mustangs through the end of the 1965 model year in August of 1965. Like 1964 a year earlier, production at Dearborn was scheduled to end “30U” or 30 July 1965. San Jose continued to build new ’65 Mustangs through “20V” or 20 August 1965. Again, this was only the “scheduled” date, not always the actual build date.
Demand for new Mustangs became so outrageous that Ford had to bring a third plant online in Northern New Jersey—Metuchen (later known as Edison). Metuchen was already building Falcon and Comet, which made Mustang an easy add-on. Based on data I have collected over 40 years, Metuchen started building 1965 Mustangs on February 1, 1965 or a “01B” date code. The earliest known Metuchen Mustang is 5T07T133078 with a build date code of “01B”. However, our database has a lower number—5T09T133029 with a date code of “03B” some two days later. This proves consecutive unit numbers and date codes didn’t always jibe. Metuchen wrapped up ’65 Mustang assembly in mid-August and swiftly transitioned to 1966.
Dearborn, San Jose and Metuchen built Mustangs from 1965 until 1970, when San Jose stopped building Mustangs until 1974. Metuchen built 1971 Mustangs until the end of December, when Metuchen took on Pinto and Bobcat assembly. Dearborn never stopped building new Mustangs. San Jose built new Mustangs from 1974-81 when Mustang sales began to flounder. From 1982-2004, Dearborn was the only domestic Mustang plant. It is true Mustangs have been assembled around the world—in Mexico and Venezuela, and in Europe as knockdown units that were serialized at Metuchen primarily and shipped as kits to Europe. Mustang assembly outside the United States remains a mystery and an area of research. We just don’t have all the answers.
The date code on your Ford warranty plate on the left-hand door jamb is not always an exact build date, but instead a “scheduled” build date. Exact build date codes can be found on body buck tags, normally attached to the inner fender of your engine compartment. Not all buck tags will have a build date code. Body buck tags weren’t used until the end of the 1965 model year at Dearborn. They were used extensively from 1966-on at Dearborn and Metuchen. San Jose used them for a very short time in 1970. The body buck tag served as hard-copy proof of a build for body line workers. The broadcast sheets found in some Mustangs were for the trim and chassis line once the body was in paint. Most broadcast sheets were removed from the vehicle and thrown away. Best chance of finding one is beneath the carpet, or up under the dashboard.
Here’s how build date codes shake out from 1964 through 1966:
(Example, “06B” would be 06 February)
March 1964: C
April 1964: D
May 1964: E
June 1964: F
July 1964: G
August 1964: H
September 1964: J
October 1964: K
November 1964: L
December 1964: M
January 1965: A
February 1965: B
March 1965: Q
April 1965: R
May 1965: S
June 1965: T
July 1965: U
August 1965: V
August: V (“V” because 1966 production began in August of 1965)
All model years followed this same basic pattern through 1969, when Ford, in 1970, went to federal vehicle certification stickers on the left-hand door instead of warranty plates. Federal certification stickers included month and year only but broadcast sheets continued to include month and day date codes well beyond 1970.
DSO codes changed beginning January 1, 1966, with some sales districts being eliminated as well as changes to district sales office codes. Washington, D.C. as one example, went from being DSO 26 to DSO 17. The Ford of Canada DSO of 81 went to being individual Canadian sales districts, for example B1 for Central Canada, B2 meaning Eastern Canada, and so on. There would be more changes to DSO codes in the years to follow as Ford consolidated sales districts.
Pre-Production Mustangs didn’t end with 1964 ½ units. If you own a 1967-69 Mustang with a scheduled build date code of “04G,” this doesn’t mean your Mustang was bucked and assembled on July 4th. It means you have a pre-production unit—which is basically a verification unit to confirm quality. Pre-production “04G” units were often show cars and airport/shopping mall turntable units. Most were DSO 84 (Home Office Reserve) and 89 (Transportation Services) units. Some had leaded seams and other forms of show car treatment. They were routed through Ford’s dealer network and sold upon the termination of their use as promotional units.
Did you know you can order your 1967-2017 Mustang’s original production and order information from Marti Auto Works? Marti Auto Works is the privileged licensee (contract #5012) to Ford Motor Company's entire production database for the 1967-2017 model years, which is great news for Ford, Lincoln, and Mercury enthusiasts. The Marti Report can tell you anything and everything about any Ford, Lincoln, or Mercury vehicle built in the United States or Canada from 1967-2017. What color was your vehicle? Easy to answer. What about axle ratio? Done. Even the date your Mustang or other Ford vehicle was ordered, serialized, and sold. It’s all there in the coveted Marti Report and at a price nearly anyone can afford.
The Marti Reports are currently available for all Ford, Lincoln and Mercury vehicles built in the United States or Canada 1967-2017. Sadly, factory data is not available for 1966 and earlier Fords, which was destroyed. Marti Auto Works does have some Ford Original Invoices for 1962 through 1966 Thunderbirds. Check their Original Invoice page to see a complete list of available Ford Original Invoices.
Marti Reports are delivered as a PDF by email. You will need a PDF reader to be able to view and print the report and you can download the Adobe Reader for free. If you require a hard copy to be mailed to you as well, be sure to select the Print Service option.
Please understand—the Marti Report is not a substitute for an in-person evaluation of a vehicle. It is a Ford vehicle data report for a particular vehicle’s identification number. For more information go to their website. You may also call Marti Auto Works at 623-935-2558.